Orthopedic Physiotherapy is oriented towards the treatment of Musculo – Skeletal ailments. It involves regaining appropriate health and function of structures surrounding the Joint regions and normalizing the Biomechanics following any injury or Orthopedic disease. The rehabilitation of Orthopedically disabled individuals is also a major area of function.
The role of a Orthopedic Physiotherapy specialist are Impaired posture, Impaired Muscle functions, Impaired Joint Mobility, Motor function, Muscle performance, and range of motion associated with Connective tissue dysfunctions, Localized inflammation. As in
- Back & Neck Pain / Spondylosis
- Sports injuries (Ligament Sprains, Muscle tears & Joint Problems)
- Whiplash Injuries
- Shoulder Injuries / Frozen Shoulder
- Repetitive Strain Injuries
- Rehabilitation after Fractures & Post Surgery
- Spinal Conditions (Disc Problems, Sciatica, Trapped Nerves)
- Osteoarthritis / Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Tennis Elbow / Golfers Elbow
- Joint Pain / Stiffness
- Ligament Sprain / Tear
Neurophysiotherapy is a treatment available to help sufferers of neurological diseases, such as Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson’s Disease as well as those recovering from a stroke. It can also benefit neurologically-impaired patients including those who may have had a head injury. A neurological problem can often have a serious impact on a person’s movement, sensation, balance and co-ordination.
The aim of treatment at our clinic is to help each person regain as many of these abilities as possible. Patients may have restricted use and control over their bodies, this treatment can help facilitate and maximize the patient’s physical abilities. The treatment includes a comprehensive neurological assessment, a treatment plan and a course of home exercises.
Our physiotherapists have experience treating a wide range of neurological conditions including:
- Spinal cord injury
- Facial Placy
- Bells Palcy
- Nerve Injury
Pediatric physiotherapy work with people of varying ages from premature babies to adolescents to ensure optimal physical function and development. Like all physiotherapy, they are concerned with movement, co-ordination, posture and the cardiorespiratory system. The aim of the pediatric physiotherapy is to provide a program that the patient will enjoy, while encouraging them to participate and become independent.
Pediatric physiotherapists assess and treat infants and children with a range of conditions including:
- Cerebral palsy – from mild hemiplegia to severe quadriplegia
- Developmental delay
- Syndromes and other genetic conditions
- Spina bifida and neural tube defects
- Muscular dystrophy and spinal muscular atrophy
- Brachial plexus lesions
- Juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA)
- Visual handicaps
- Premature babies with dystonia
- Postural problems – torticollis, scoliosis, talipes, metatarsus adductus
- Respiratory problems such as cystic fibrosis or asthma
- Osteogenis imperfecta
- Minimal cerebral dysfunction
The role of the pediatric physiotherapist is to assess the referred child and give parents and/or carers advice regarding handling, positioning and treatment through play and/or exercise. Physiotherapists work closely with families, carers, teachers and other health professionals. The approach is holistic and practical, with an emphasis on gross motor function and posture. For better outcomes and most effective treatment results, early referral is the key (before eight months). Infants and children can be seen at home, day care centre, Early Intervention Programs, schools or clinics on a regular basis.
Advice will be given on appropriate handling and equipment including seating, standing frames, mobility aids and pushers. A range of treatment methods may be used such as neuro developmental therapy, motor learning and hydrotherapy. Physiotherapists help to maintain and develop functional skill level and range of movement in order to minimise joint contracture and postural deformities.
- Acquired brain injury and spinal injury
- Neurological diseases
- Post trauma injuries, fractures, sports injuries, post orthopaedic surgery
- Juvenile chronic arthritis and related conditions
- Cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy and spina bifida
- Cystic fibrosis and other respiratory disorders such as asthma
- Burns and plastic surgery
- Limb deficiency conditions
- Chronic pain
Electrotherapy is the use of electrical energy as a medical treatment. In medicine, the term electrotherapy can apply to a variety of treatments, including the use of electrical devices such as Neuromuscular stimulators for stimulate the paralysised nerve. The term has also been applied specifically to the use of electrical current to speed wound healing. Additionally, the term “electrotherapy” or “electromagnetic therapy” has also been applied to a range of alternative medical devices and treatments.
The use of electrotherapy has been researched and accepted in the field of rehabilitation (electrical muscle stimulation).
- Pain management
- Improves range of joint movement
- Treatment of neuromuscular dysfunction
- Improvement of strength
- Improvement of motor control
- Retards muscle atrophy
- Improves local blood flow
- Improves range of joint mobility
- Induces repeated stretching of contracted, shortened soft tissues
- Tissue repair
- Enhances microcirculation and protein synthesis to heal wounds
- Restores integrity of connective and dermal tissues
- Acute and chronic edema
- Accelerates absorption rate
- Affects blood vessel permeability
- Increases mobility of proteins, blood cells and lymphatic flow
- Peripheral blood flow
- Induces arterial, venous and lymphatic flow
- Delivery of pharmacological agents
- Urine and fecal incontinence
- Affects pelvic floor musculature to reduce pelvic pain and strengthen musculature
- Treatment may lead to complete continence
Electrotherapy is used for relaxation of muscle spasms, prevention and retardation of disuse atrophy, increase of local blood circulation, muscle rehabilitation and re-education electrical muscle stimulation, maintaining and increasing range of motion, management of chronic and intractable pain, post-traumatic acute pain, post surgical acute pain, immediate post-surgical stimulation of muscles to prevent venous thrombosis, wound healing and drug delivery.